Everything Your Need to Know About Hurricanes.

What is a Hurricane?

Learn more about what causes hurricanes.

Creating a Plan

It is important to start planning for you and your family now.

Woman preparing for a Hurricane

Packing Hurricane Kit

Create an emergency kit for each person in your family.

Image of man putting up hurricane shutters

Protecting Your Property

Determine the best supplies for protecting your home.


Hurricanes are very serious weather events that cause millions of dollars in damage as well as a loss of life.

Tropical Storm

A tropical storm is characterized by sustained wind speeds of 39 to 73 mph (63 to 118 km/h). The winds from a tropical storm are less intense than the winds that come from a hurricane.


Both tropical storms and hurricanes form over warm ocean waters when certain conditions are met, including warm sea surface temperatures, atmospheric instability, and low vertical wind shear. As the systems strengthen, they can develop into tropical storms and, if the conditions are right, into hurricanes.

Storm Names

tropical storms and hurricanes are given names to help in communication and tracking. The World Meteorological Organization (WMO) maintains lists of names that are used in a rotating fashion for each hurricane season.

What are Hurricanes?

Believe it or not there are quite a few people that don’t know what a hurricane is especially if they are from a part of the country where there are not any threats of hurricanes. For those people that do not know what hurricanes are or what they do this page will provide more detailed explaination of hurricanes and their behaviors. Hurricanes are powerful tropical cyclones characterized by strong winds, heavy rainfall, storm surges, and the potential for widespread destruction. They are large rotating storms that form over warm ocean waters, typically in tropical or subtropical regions.

Why Do We Have Hurricanes?

Hurricanes form as a result of several factors coming together. The essential ingredients for a hurricane include warm ocean waters (above 26.5 degrees Celsius or 80 degrees Fahrenheit), moisture in the atmosphere, a pre-existing weather disturbance, and relatively low wind shear (the change in wind speed and direction with height). When these conditions align, they can create the ideal environment for a hurricane to develop and intensify.

What Do Hurricanes Do?

High Winds: Hurricanes are known for their strong winds, which can cause widespread destruction. These winds can uproot trees, damage buildings, and create flying debris hazards, posing a significant risk to people and property.

Storm Surge:

The leading cause of hurricane-related deaths is often storm surge, which is the abnormal rise of seawater above the normal tide level. Storm surge can result in rapid and extensive flooding along the coast, inundating low-lying areas and causing significant damage to structures and infrastructure.

Heavy Rainfall and Flooding:

Hurricanes can unleash torrential rainfall, leading to flash flooding and river flooding. The excessive rainfall can overwhelm drainage systems, cause landslides, and create hazardous conditions for both urban and rural areas.
We Have a Few Days Warning

Meteorologists and forecasting agencies can provide estimates of a hurricane’s potential strength several days in advance. As hurricanes develop and move across the ocean, meteorological models and data are used to track their path and predict their intensity. While there is still some uncertainty in forecasting the exact strength, improvements in technology and modeling techniques have allowed for more accurate predictions, giving people in potentially affected areas a few days’ notice to prepare.

What is a Tornado?

A tornado is a rapidly rotating column of air that extends from a thunderstorm to the ground. It is one of the most violent and destructive natural phenomena, capable of causing widespread damage and posing a significant threat to life and property.

Tornado Warning

Tornado warnings are typically issued when a tornado has been detected or is imminent.

Tornado Warnings

People typically have around 13 minutes of lead time between the issuance of a tornado warning and the tornado’s arrival, but this can range from a few minutes to over an hour.

Protecting Yourself

These warnings can provide people with critical minutes to take cover in a safe place, such as a basement, storm cellar, or an interior room on the lowest floor of a sturdy building, away from windows.

What's the Difference Between Hurricanes and Tornados?

Hurricanes and tornadoes are both powerful weather phenomena, but they differ in several key aspects:


Size: Hurricanes are much larger than tornadoes, typically spanning hundreds of miles, while tornadoes are relatively small and usually measure only a few hundred feet to a mile in diameter.




Formation: Hurricanes form over warm ocean waters as large, organized storm systems, while tornadoes form from severe thunderstorms and are characterized by a rapidly rotating column of air that descends from a thunderstorm cloud to the ground.



Duration: Hurricanes can last for several days or even weeks as they move across large bodies of water and land, while tornadoes typically last for a few minutes to a few hours.


Impact: Hurricanes can cause widespread damage due to their large size and strong winds, as well as the potential for heavy rainfall and storm surges. Tornadoes, although smaller, can be incredibly destructive within their localized path


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